Determining the difference between post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and other trauma disorders can be a challenge. Confusing this issue is the fact that PTSD and other anxiety disorders, such as generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), often co-occur. Signs and Diagnosis of Generalized Anxiety Disorder GAD is characterized by excessive worry and anxiety. While most people experience … Read more

Trust Issues After Trauma

One of the most complex human emotions is trust. Trust is the strong belief in the reliability, truth, ability or strength of someone or something. Trauma can disrupt the emotion of trust, and this can have a lasting impact on a person’s life. What Is Trauma? Trauma can occur for many reasons, but all trauma … Read more

Diagnosing PTSD

According to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), criteria for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) include the following: Exposure to a traumatic event Persistent re-experiencing of the event Persistent memory avoidance Persistent emotional numbing The first component, exposure, must involve both a loss of physical integrity or risk of serious injury or death … Read more